Politics in Oran, Algeria are characterized by a complex web of economic, social, and political factors, which continue to shape the city’s political landscape. Algeria is a presidential republic, with the president serving as both head of state and head of government. The president is elected for a five-year term through a direct national election. The country also has a bicameral parliament consisting of the National People’s Assembly and the Council of the Nation.
Political power in Algeria is largely concentrated in the hands of a small group of elites, including the president and his allies. This has led to accusations of corruption, cronyism, and nepotism within the country’s political system.
In recent years, Algeria has experienced significant political unrest, with many Algerians calling for greater political freedoms and an end to corruption and authoritarianism. In 2019, mass protests erupted throughout the country, calling for the resignation of then-president Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who had been in power for more than 20 years. These protests ultimately led to Bouteflika’s resignation and the appointment of a new interim president, Abdelkader Bensalah.
Despite the change in leadership, political tensions in Algeria remain high, with many Algerians calling for further reforms and greater political freedoms. The country’s political system is also facing significant economic challenges, including high unemployment rates and a struggling economy.
In Oran, politics are heavily influenced by the city’s history and cultural identity, which is deeply rooted in Islamic tradition and culture. Many political leaders in Oran and throughout Algeria seek to promote policies that are in line with Islamic values and principles, and religion often plays a significant role in political discourse and decision-making.
Overall, politics in Oran and Algeria are characterized by a complex interplay of economic, social, and political factors, which continue to shape the country’s political landscape. While there have been some efforts to promote greater political freedom and transparency in recent years, the country’s political system remains highly centralized and often resistant to change.