Islam has a long and rich history in Oran, Algeria, dating back to the 7th century when Arab Muslim armies conquered the region. Over time, Islam became deeply embedded in the region’s culture and society, influencing everything from language and cuisine to art and architecture.
Oran became an important center of Islamic culture and learning in the centuries that followed, with many important scholars, philosophers, and theologians living and working in the city. The region also played an important role in the spread of Islam throughout North Africa and the Mediterranean.
In the 16th century, Oran was conquered by the Ottoman Empire, and the city became an important center of Ottoman rule in the region. During this period, many important Islamic landmarks were built in Oran, including the Bey Othmane Mosque and the Mosque of El-Bassatin.
In the 19th century, Oran was colonized by France, and the country remained under French rule for more than a century. During this period, many important changes occurred in Oran’s cultural and religious landscape, including the introduction of new European-style buildings and the suppression of Islamic cultural practices.
Following Algeria’s independence in 1962, Islam became a central part of the country’s national identity, and efforts were made to reinvigorate Islamic culture and traditions in Oran and throughout the country. Many important Islamic landmarks and institutions were restored and revitalized during this period, including the Great Mosque of Oran and the Mosque of Sidi El Houari.
Today, Islam remains a dominant force in Oran and throughout Algeria, with the majority of the population practicing Sunni Islam. The city is home to many important Islamic landmarks, including mosques, palaces, and other historical sites that reflect the city’s rich Islamic heritage and cultural identity.
Learn more about Islamic History here.