Saudi-Arabia – Culture, History, Pictures, and Sightseeting

This page profiles various cities of Saudi-Arabia, their history, culture, pictures and related information for knowledge, providing ideas for things to do and sightseeing.

Makkah, Saudi-Arabia

Makkah, Saudi-Arabia is the holiest and noblest place for worldwide Muslims.
Makkah, Saudi-Arabia is the holiest and noblest place for worldwide Muslims.

Learn more about Makkah here.

Madinah, Saudi-Arabia

Madinah, Saudi-Arabia
Madinah, Saudi-Arabia is the second holiest place for worldwide Muslims

Learn more about Madinah here.

Riyadh, Saudi-Arabia

Riyadh is the capital city of Saudi-Arabia
Riyadh is the capital city of Saudi-Arabia

Learn more about Riyadh here.

Jeddah, Saudi-Arabia

Jeddah is the second largest city of Saudi-Arabia
Jeddah is the second largest city of Saudi-Arabia

Learn more about Jeddah here.

Qassim, Saudi-Arabia

Qassim is one of the large cities of Saudi-Arabia
Qassim is one of the large cities of Saudi-Arabia

Learn more about Qassim here.

Al-Ahsa and Hofuf, Saudi-Arabia

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Hofuf is in the Al-Ahsa province of Saudi-Arabia

Learn more about Al-Ahsa and Hofuf here.

 

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Madina Al-Munawwara, Saudi-Arabia – Culture, History, and Things to Do

The city of Madina is the second holiest city for the Muslims. It is located on the western part of Saudi-Arabia, a few hundred kilometers north of the city of Makkah. Prophet Muhammad and his closest companions are buried in this city.

Madinah Mosque, Saudi Arabia
Madinah Mosque, Saudi Arabia

 

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Jeddah, Saudi-Arabia – Culture, Pictures, History, and People

Jeddah is the second largest of Saudi-Arabia (after Riyadh). The city is located on the western side of the country and is a landing port for the pilgrims visiting the holy places of Makkah and Madinah.

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Old Jeddah City and its buildings
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Old Jeddah City and its buildings
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The large water fountain of Jeddah on the Red Sea
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Al-Rahmah mosque in Jeddah, Saudi-Arabia
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The large water fountain on the red sea

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Makkah, Saudi-Arabia – Culture, History, Pictures and Things to do

Makkah is the holiest city for all Muslims. In this city is the sacred and noblest mosque called the Haram Al-Shareef. Within the haram is the cube shaped ‘Kaaba’, which is the house of God (Allah). All Muslims worldwide face the Kaaba to offer their daily five prayers.

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The inside of the Haram Mosque in Makkah
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The cubed shaped Kaaba in Makkah
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One of the many gates of the haram mosque in Makkah
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A view of the Kaaba with devout Muslims circling in a ritual called ‘tawaf’
the golden colors of the inside of Makkah mosque
the golden colors of the inside of Makkah mosque
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The the inside of Makkah mosque with worshipers engaged in prayers

 

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Riyadh, Saudi-Arabia – History, Culture, Pictures, and Things to do

Riyadh is not only Saudi-Arabia’s largest and capital city, it is also the largest city of the Middle East and Gulf countries. One can find plenty of history, culture, and other things to do in this large city. Below are some of the sites that you can visit while you are in Riyadh.

The Annual Janadriyah Cultural Festival

The Annual Janadriyah Cultural Festival of Saudi-Arabia
The Annual Janadriyah Cultural Festival of Saudi-Arabia

Get more details on the Janadriyah Festival here

Riyadh Skyline

Kingdom tower
With many tall buildings, Riyadh has a very impressive skyline
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Riyadh’s Impressive Skyline
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Riyadh Skyline
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Riyadh Skyline

King Khaled Building

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Unique architecture of King Khaled Building – Built in the early 1980s

Riyadh’s Old Water Tower

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Riyadh’s Old Water Tower built in the 1960s
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Riyadh’s Old Water Tower

Riyadh TV Tower

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Riyadh TV Tower built in the 1980s

Kingdom Tower

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Kingdom Tower was built in the 1990s and is the second largest tower in the Middle East after Burj Al-Khalifa

King Abdullah Financial District

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King Abdullah Financial District

Edge of the World

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Edge of the World – Located in the outskirts of Riyadh in the middle of the desert

 

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Hofuf, Saudi-Arabia – Culture, History, Pictures, and Sightseeing

Hofuf is a key city of the Al-Ahsa region in Saudi-Arabia and is home to multiple sightseeing sites for visitors.

Al-Gara (Qara) Mountains

Al-Gara mountains are one of the primary attractions of Hifuf
Al-Gara mountains are one of the primary attractions of Hofuf

Learn more about Al-Gara Mountains here

Oasis of Hofuf

Oasis in Hafuf
Oasis in Hafuf are one of the largest in the world.

Learn more about Oasis in Hafuf here

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Related Reading

Hofuf Oasis, Al-Ahsa – Pictures, Sightseeing, and History

The oasis in Hofuf are considered one of the largest in the world. With many square miles of Palm tress, the city provides multiple things to do for a new visitor. Here are some of the pictures to give you a sense of the oasis in Hofuf.

Aerial view of the oasis in Hofuf, Saudi-Arabia
Aerial view of the oasis in Hofuf, Saudi-Arabia
Aerial view of the oasis in Hofuf, Saudi-Arabia
Another Aerial view of the oasis in Hofuf, Saudi-Arabia
Palm trees in the Oasis of Hofuf
Palm trees in the Oasis of Hofuf
Sughtseeing in the Oasis of Hofuf
Sughtseeing in the Oasis of Hofuf

 

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Al-Gara Mountains in Hofuf, Al-Ahsa Saudi-Arabia

Al-Gara Mountain in Hofuf, Kingdom of Saudi-Arabia is located in the eastern province of Saudi-Arabia in the region of Al-Ahsa. It is one of the key natural landmarks in the country. If you are looking for things to do in Saudi-Arabia, then visiting Al-Gara mountains site should be on your list.

Al-Gara Mountain is visited by hundreds of thousands of tourists annually. As tourism to the kingdom is still not as open to those travelling from abroad, most of these tourists are locals or locally based expats.

The Al-Gara Mountain site provides a view of many rocks and caves and alleys between the rocks. Tourists can walk around the Al-Gara Mountain site and explore those caves, alleys, and other natural aspects of the site.

Below are some of the pictures from the Al-Gara mountain site in Hofuf, Al-Ahsa.

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Al-Gara Mountains Visitor Center. Hofuf Saudi-Arabia.
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Entering Al-Gara Mountain area near Hofuf
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Hofuf Al-Ahsa Saudi-Arabia Culture
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Hofuf Al-Ahsa Saudi-Arabia Culture
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Al-Gara Mountains Hofuf Saudi-Arabia
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Al-Gara Mountains Hofuf Saudi-Arabia
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Al-Gara Mountains Hofuf in Al-Ahsa Province
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Alleys through the rocks of Al-Gara Mountains Hofuf in Al-Ahsa Province
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Beautiful rocks
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View from the top of Al-Gara Mountain Saudi-Arabia
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View from the top of Al-Gara Mountain Saudi-Arabia
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View at the top of Al-Gara Mountain Saudi-Arabia
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Cultural artifacts of Hofuf, Saudi-Arabia (Eastern Province)

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Janadriyah Cultural Festival – Riyadh Saudi-Arabia

Janadriyah Festival is an annual festival held on the outskirts of Saudi-Arabia’s capital city of Riyadh in the town of Janadriyah. The festival showcases the culture of Saudi-Arabia since it was founded in the early 20th century by its founder Kind Abdul-Aziz Al-Saud.

The following pictures depict the various facets of the Saudi culture.

These tools represent the Saudi farmer .

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Janadriya festival Riyadh Saudi-Arabia

The following jars and pots were used to store clean water for drinking and cooking.

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Early Saudi-Arabia – Pots and Pans for drinking water

The following pictures shows the many postage stamps that the Saudis have had in circulation for the past century.

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The many stamps put in circulation through Saudi history

An old Quran from the year 1051 A.H. that corresponds approximately to the early 1630 AD.

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Old copy of a Mushaf Quran in circulation throughout the Arabian Peninsula. Dates to 1051 AH

Another old Quran that was printed around 1780 AD.

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Another old Mushaf Quran from the year 1198 AH. Arabian Peninsula

The following picture shows the weaponry that the early Saudis carried and used during the early to mid twentieth century.

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Common weaponry in the Arabian Peninsula during the early to mid twentieth century. Swords, pistols, and daggers.

More weaponry samples.

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More weaponry from the Arabian Peninsula used during the early to mid twentieth century. Swords, pistols, and daggers.

This picture shows the weaponry as well as the tea and coffee pots that are traditional in the Saudi culture.

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Mix of weaponry and cooking utensils

Islamic calligraphy with the name “Muhammad” carved in stone. The name symbolizes Prophet Muhammad.

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Islamic calligraphy stating “Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, Peace be upon him”

Traditional Saudi Tea pot with small serving cups.

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Saudi tea pot

The picture below shows the traditional tea pot in red (on the left) and a traditional coffee pot in gold / silver color on the right. The small cups are usually used to serve Arabic coffee.

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Saudi coffee and tea pots

The following shows the various currency denominations that Saudis have had in circulation for the past century.

Saudi currency denominations
old Saudi currency. Various denominations

More Saudi currency below.

Saudi currency denominations
old Saudi currency. Various denominations

Below are the traditional pots that were used for eating and drinking.

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More food utensils used in the early to mid twentieth century. These designs are still prevalent today and have come to represent the Saudi culture.

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Old Saudi Pots and Pans

In the festival ground of Janadriyah, structures are built to mimic the forts, houses and other buildings of the early Saudi era and culture. The following is a replica of the actual fort that the founder of Saudi-Arabia conquered before he founded Saudi-Arabia.

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Saudi fort replica erected for the festival in Janadriyah

The black tent below symbolizes the traditional dwelling places that Saudis used when they lived in the deserts of Arabia throughout the Arabian peninsula.

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Saudi tents used in the desert

Below, visitors to the Janadriyah festival take a break to offer the evening Muslim prayers.

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Visitors and artists praying during a break in the Janadriyah Festival

Visitors are shopping for various Saudi cultural artifacts. In the background, the traditional Saudi pots are visible.

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Visitors shopping in the Janadriyah Festival

Below is another picture of the fort during the early days of founding of Saudi-Arabia.

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Large number of visitors during the Janadriyah Festival

The pictures below show the early and present days of the Saudia Airlines and the planes it used to have in service. The first plane was a DC-3.

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Old Saudi Plane
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New models Saudi Plane

The founder of Saudi-Arabia, King Abdul Aziz takes the first plane ride on Saudia’s first airplane.

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King Abdul-Aziz during his first flight on the first Saudia plane

Women visitors in the foreground can be seen in their traditional Abaya dresses shopping for various cultural artifacts.

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Visitors shopping during the Janadriyah Festival

A mill used in the earlier days operated by a camel.

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Camel used to run the mill for grinding sesame seeds

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The exhibits below showcase the city of Jazan, which is located near the south west border of Saudi-Arabia bordering Yemen and the Red Sea.

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Jazan Saudi Arabia
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Boating is quote in Jazan

A cultural folk dance from the area of Jazan in the south west of Saudi-Arabia.

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Jazan folk dance in Saudi-Arabia

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Artifacts from a traditional Saudi sitting for guests. The round mat is used to serve food. People would normally sit around a large plate and share the food that is served on that large plate.

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Saudi traditional sitting

The following show the coins that were used during the early years of Saudi-Arabia. These coins were continuing from the Ottoman period.

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Currency and coins from the Ottoman Empire
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Currency and coins from the Ottoman Empire

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